Amateur Photography Cheat Sheet of Terms
Do you enjoy taking pictures? Do you wish you knew more about photography? Let’s face it, there are many terms in the photography industry that can make the average person’s eyes glaze over. By knowing the basics, you will be able to know what you’re talking about and most importantly, know what you’re doing. Here is a list of basic photography terms and what they mean:
Aperture – The size of the lens opening in a camera that determines how much light enters the frame.
Apochromatic (APO) – A type of lens that brings in three different wavelengths of light into focus. (Common colors are blue, green and red)
Bracketing – Involves a photographer taking several pictures of the same object one right after another. Bracketing can be performed on the same or a different setting.
Close-Up – Refers to tight-framed photographs or when a photographer is extremely close to an object when capturing the image.
Depth of Field – When an object being photographed is in clear focus while the background or other area appears blurry.
Flash – Used in photography to project artificial light so that an image can be clearly captured.
Marco – A type of photography when an image is captured from up-close. A Macro Lens is often used. On some cameras, a Marco setting is present.
Megapixel – A megapixel can be described as one million pixels. The more megapixels a camera has, the clearer the image will appear.
Photography – The art of creating or capturing an image through light.
Single Lens Reflex (SLR) – This automatic mirror system allows a photographer to see the image as it appears before it is captured.
Storage – Where digital images are stored. Often, these storage devices are called memory card, and are place into the digital camera.
White Balance or Color Balance – Is a process where adjusting the color before an image is captured. After a camera is balanced, the image will showcase its natural colors.